1870s

Timeline

1870 January – February Professor Risley’s Imperial Troupe perform in Britain

1870 March – Imperial Troupe travel to St Petersburg

1870 April – Imperial Japanese Jugglers appear at Crystal Palace, London

1870 April – Frederik Blekman acts as interpreter and manager for Great Dragon Troupe in a court case in Belfast.

1870 June – September – Imperial Troupe (Sumidagawa and Hamaikari sections) appear in Vienna

1870 June – Thomas King’s Royal Tycoon’s Private Troupe arrives in Britain

1870 August – Glover & Co in Nagasaki is declared bankrupt

1871-3 Iwakura Mission to United States and Europe.

1871 Peak of Japanese students going to Britain, France, Germany, America

1871 January – William Grant, proprietor of the Great Dragon Troupe, is declared bankrupt.

The Great Dragon Troupe in 1871 (private collection of Pernille Rudlin)

1871 February – Tannaker Buhicrosan takes over The Great Dragon Troupe

1871 February – Fujikichi of the Royal Tycoon’s Private Troupe dies in London of blood poisoning from an abscess

1871 April census – merged Royal Tycoon and Great Dragon Troupe are in Luton. Hamaikari Denkichi, Yonekichi, Sentaro and Chokichi from the Imperial Troupe are in London.

1871 April – last performances of Royal Tycoon’s Private Troupe in Britain

1871-2 Nagasaki connected to Vladivostock, Shanghai and Hong Kong by telegraphic cable. Telegram service connecting Japan to Europe and United States launched

1871 July – Blekman interprets in court for Fudekichi in Merthyr Tydfil

1871 December – Tannaker in court as witness for claim against the troupe’s manager for booking a band and then cancelling.

1872 Iwakura Mission arrived in Britain

1872 Railway between Tokyo and Yokohama opens, construction supervised by British engineer Edmund Morel

1872 Koseki, family registration system introduced, requiring Japanese to have family names.

1872 Japanese government orders emancipation of girls and women held in bondage and nullifying debts incurred by their parents. Teahouses cleared of their occupants. Brothels become licensed.

1872 January – William Grant former proprietor of The Great Dragon Troupe tries to abscond by sea to Yokohama but is apprehended.

1872 January – February – Royal Tycoon Troupe of Japanese Juveniles in India.

1872 March – Tannaker advertises himself as the sole proprietor of the Great Dragon Troupe and that F Blekman ceased to have any connection with it.

1872 April Dragon Troupe of Siamese Juvenile Gymnasts at Crystal Palace – Gen Oska and Boy Wonder.

1872 May – Matsui Yoshigoro asks Thomas King and Isokichi for money to return to Japan but none given so returns to London and asks Terashima Munenori, first resident minister from Japan in London to loan the fare.

1872 June – Dragon Troupe of Siamese Juvenile Gymnasts – Ochoby, Gen Oska, O Le Mutch, Tara Moska and Tara Moska Ochoby appear at the Crystal Palace

1872 June – Tycoon and Dragon Troupes from the Crystal Palace – Brighton, Bolton, including Eso Kitchee, Ochoby, Gen Oska, O Le Match, Taro Moska and Taro Moska Ochoby also at Crystal Palace – as Siamese Juvenile Troupe. Wonderful act by Tara Nosky over the lake. Ochoby is probably the Japanese word “ochibi” meaning “little one.”

1872 August – December – Iwakura mission visit Britain

1872 September – Dragon Troupe of Japanese Gymnasts in London – Taro Noska, Le Match, Gen Gard, Wah Hobe, Gen Oska

1872 September/October – Thomas King hires another troupe of 13 Japanese performers who initially tour India

1872 December – Tannaker on trial on charges of child cruelty

1873 waiting area at Shiodome Tokyo Station Utagawa Hiroshige III (private collection of Pernille Rudlin)

1873 March – Little Godie, son of Omoto and Godayū dies and is buried in Sunderland

1873 March – Japanese government officially permits international marriages. Foreigners, male or female, who married a Japanese, could become Japanese. Edict against Christianity removed

1873 September – Tannaker Buhicrosan registers his troupes, appoints John Hardman as manager.

Great Dragon Troupe, 1873, Ipswich (Dr Robert H Sayers collection

1873-6 Thomas Glover manages the Takashima mine, paying off debts

1873 Vienna Exhibition Japanese section sponsored by Meiji Japanese government. Thomas Jeckyll‘s Four Seasons gates displayed. Mass production of Jeckyll’s fire fronts by Barnard, Bishop, Barnards begins.

1874 Okura & Co is the first Japanese trading company to open an office in London

1874 Mitsui & Co enter into an agency contract with American Robert Walker Irwin to represent them

1875 May – Alexandra Palace re-opens, with a Japanese Village in the park.

1876 Glover joins Mitsubishi as a consultant, supporting their takeover of the Takashima Colliery.

1876 Japanese Consulate established at 83-84 Bishopsgate, staffed by 3 Japanese officials including Minami Tamotsu.

1876 April – Jackitschy Troupe at Alexandra Palace

1876 May-November Jeckyll‘s Japanese Pavilion exhibited at Philadelphia Fair, Boileau Fountain unveiled, with Japanese panels.

1876 June – Brothers Moto and Assa, Gingero and Como Ketchy appear with Myers’s Hippodrome at the Crystal Palace

1876 November – Gingero marries Annie Hughes

1876 November – Great Original Tycoon Japanese Troupe (Gin Goro Jack, Fousah Ketchey, Como Ketchey, Moto Ketchie, A Sa Ma Ki, managed by Henry William Wieland tour Britain

Boileau Fountain, Norwich
Jeckyll’s Japanese Pavilion

1877 January – Royal Tycoon Troupe of Japanese and Burmese performers – now managed by Walter Brown

1877 June – Robert Walker Irwin arrives in London, sets up agency to deal with woollen textiles, steamships and rice, representing Mitsui & Co

1878 January – Japanese Kotaki performs Pongo Redivivus in London Theatres

1878 Mitsui & Co send Mitsui Yonosuke to London to supervise agency of Robert W Irwin

1878 Paris Exposition Universelle. Gingero and Royal Tycoon Troupe perform man monkey act.

1878 October – Royal Tycoon Troupe returns to Britain

1879 Mitsui & Co decide to set up a branch office in London. Motoaki Sasase sent to London by Mitsui & Co as branch manager. At 1 Crosby Square, 18 Bishopsgate within, offices shared with their agent, Robert Walker Irwin. Officially opens September 1879.

Mitsui’s Tokyo headquarters, 1871

1879 April – Home Secretary warns managers of concert halls that in the event of a fatal accident to a child in a “dangerous exhibition” they would be prosecuted for manslaughter in London.

1879 May – second reading in House of Lords of Children’s Dangerous Performances bill

1879 May – Gingero’s Great Tycoon Troupe of Japanese

1879 November – Royal Tycoon Japanese Troupe, managed by Walter Brown