1853-4 US Commodore Matthew Perry visits Japan with his Black Ships, resulting in the Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty
1858 Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce – British diplomatic corps dispatched to Japan
1859 January – Kenneth Ross Mackenzie of Jardine Matheson moves to Nagasaki
1859 July – Ansei treaties officially in effect
1859 William Keswick (b 1834 Dumfriesshire) opens Jardine Matheson office in Yokohama.
1859 September – Thomas Blake Glover (b 1838 Aberdeenshire) posted to Nagasaki by Jardine Matheson from China.
1860 Foreigners allowed to settle in Yokohama
1861-2 Thomas Glover becomes independent, launches Glover & Co
1862 Bakufu government send 38 Japanese men including Fukuzawa Yukichi and Terashima Munenori to Europe, including England
1862 International Exhibition in London, at which Sir Rutherford Alcock, British Consul-General in Japan, displays Japanese items.
1862 British born merchant Charles Richardson killed in the Namamugi Incident
1863 Anglo-Satsuma war
1863 Five Chōshu clan students (including Ito Hirobumi and Inoue Kaoru) sent secretly to Britain to study
1865 Norwich born tea merchant Frederick Ringer arrives in Japan
1865 Satsuma clan send students to Britain to study (including Terashima Munenori)
1866 ban on overseas travel by Japanese lifted
1866 Shogunate send 14 students to study in Britain
1867 January, Emperor Komei dies
1867 February – Matsui Gensui‘s troupe performs in London, under contract to Glasgow-born ship contractor William Grant.
1867 August – The Great Dragon Troupe tour Britain
1867 Summer – Exposition Universelle in Paris, performances from Matusi Gensui and Risley’s Imperial Troupe. Thomas Jeckyll‘s Japonism style Vienna Gates exhibited
1867 November Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns
1868 January Meiji Restoration, followed by Boshin War in which Satsuma and Chōshu forces defeat ex-shōgun’s army
1868 Professor Risley’s Imperial Troupe begins tour of Britain
1868 autumn, Glover dissolved his partnership, hands over tea export business to Frederick Ringer
1868 Meiji government charter oath, announcing that each daimyo should send officers to Britain
1868 December – Liverpool born Tannaker Buhicrosan brings his Royal Tycoon Troupe of Japanese to Britain