1853-4 US Commodore Matthew Perry visits Japan with his Black Ships, resulting in the Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty
1858 Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce – British diplomatic corps dispatched to Japan
1859 January – Kenneth Ross Mackenzie of Jardine Matheson moves to Nagasaki
1859 April – Frederik Blekman arrives in Nagasaki from Batavia
1859 July – Ansei treaties officially in effect
1859 September – Thomas Blake Glover (b 1838 Aberdeenshire) posted to Nagasaki by Jardine Matheson from China.
1860 Foreigners allowed to settle in Yokohama
1861-2 Thomas Glover becomes independent, launches Glover & Co
1862 Tokugawa shogunate decreed that a child born between a Japanese woman and a non-Japanese man would be allowed to leave Japan with its father, as a non-Japanese, with the permission of its mother.
1862 October – Great Original Chinese and Japanese Entertainment from Drury Lane Theatre perform at the Royal Pavilion, Brighton – jugglery, gun trick, swordsmanship, swinging bowls of water, knife throwing
1863 Rutherford Alcock’s book The Capital of the Tycoon is published, including descriptions of Japanese top spinners and jugglers.
1863 Robert Sparrow Smythe, British born theatrical manager, arrives in Nagasaki with Dr H.S. Lynn (John Wesley Hugh Simmons Lynn, aka Washington Simmons) a Dublin born magician and Amelia Bailey, an English born soprano.
1863 August – Anglo-Satsuma war
1863 August – October – Four Japanese acrobats perform in London and Portsmouth.
1863 Five Chōshu clan students (including Ito Hirobumi and Inoue Kaoru) sent secretly to Britain to study
1864 March – American entertainer “Professor” Richard Risley arrives in Yokohama with an equestrian troupe of ten performers and eight horses, introducing Western style circus to Japan. Starts to incorporate Japanese performers in his act by the end of 1864
1864 February – May – Frederick Blekman in France and Britain with the Ikeda mission.
1864 John Reddie Black, Scottish singer and later journalist arrives in Yokohama and puts on performances with James Marquis Chisholm, including butterfly trick performer Yanagawa Asakichi and juggler Sumidagawa Namigorō.
1864 Four British banks opened in Yokohama
1864 Japan’s first Masonic Lodge founded – Sphinx Lodge number 263, under the Grand Lodge of Ireland. Becomes Yokohama Lodge in 1866
1864 – Dr HS Lynn/Simmons leaves Japan and returns to Europe
1865 Blekman is arrested in Yokohama
1865 Risley goes to Edo/Tokyo to recruit more Japanese performers
1865 summer – Japanese bakufu government shuts down many theatres and shows in Edo
1866 ban on overseas travel by Japanese lifted
1866 Shogunate send 14 students to study in Britain
1866 Blekman deported to the Netherlands and imprisoned there for a year
1866 Tetsuwari family troupe, managed by Thomas F Smith and GW Burgess leave Yokohama for San Francisco
1866 December – Risley’s Imperial Troupe of Japanese depart Yokohama
1867 January, Emperor Komei dies
1867 January – Imperial Troupe arrive in San Francisco
1867 February- March – British gymnast Thomas Lenton obtains passports for the Great Dragon Troupe
1867 March – Lenton & Smith part of Great Dragon Troupe leave Japan, initially performing in Hong Kong and Philippines
1867 June – July – Baldwin & Gilbert and Lenton & Smith combined Great Dragon Troupe tour America
1867 July – Matsui Gensui Troupe left Liverpool for Exposition Universelle in Paris
1867 August – combined Great Dragon Troupe tour Britain
1867 October – Great Dragon Troupe leave Brtiain – part of Lenton & Smith Great Dragon Troupe in Asia – Malaysia. Another part of the troupe tour Germany
1867 November – the shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu resigns
1867 December – Great Dragon Troupe in Australia
1867 December – Risley’s Imperial Troupe arrive in Britain
1868 January Meiji Restoration, followed by Boshin War in which Satsuma and Chōshu forces defeat ex-shōgun’s army
1868 January – Professor Risley’s Imperial Troupe begins tour of Britain
1868 June – Hamaikari Sadakichi’s wife Tō gives birth in London
1868 July – Omoto of the Great Dragon Troupe gives birth to a son on board the Penola en route to Adelaide
1868 September – Ohatsu of the Great Dragon Troupe gives birth while touring Australia
1868 September – Matsui Gensui tries to claim second year of pay from William Grant. Grant refuses to pay and flees in the middle of the night.
1868 October – Matsui Gensui signs a contract with a French impresario
1868 autumn, Glover dissolved his partnership, hands over tea export business to Frederick Ringer
1868 Meiji government charter oath, announcing that each daimyo should send officers to Britain
1868 December – Liverpool born Tannaker Buhicrosan brings his Royal Tycoon Troupe of Japanese to Britain
1869 Risley’s Imperial Troupe move from France to New York. Edward Banks tries to flee without paying bills. Seven of troupe return to Japan, remainder return to Europe and tour Britain through the summer of 1869.
1869 February – final part of Great Dragon Troupe tour of Australasia
1869 Otake gives birth to Otakesammer Buhicrosan in Bolton, Lancashire.
1869 May – Great Dragon Troupe reappear in Britain at the Crystal Palace
1869 August – Great Dragon Troupe in Paris
1869 September – Great Dragon Troupe return to Britain. Proprietor changes to Edward G. Bert.
1869 September – Professor Risley accused of inducing a girl to leave the care of her father and mother, assault and corrupt her morals. Found not guilty
1869 October – British man, Thomas King arranges passports for 14 Japanese performers “The Royal Tycoon’s Private Troupe”. They tour Hong Kong, India and Germany before arriving in Britian in 1870
1869 December – Professor Risley travels to Gibraltar